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What You Need To Know

Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, located in South Holland, within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea. Its history goes back to 1270 when a dam was constructed in the Rotte River by people settled around it for safety. In 1340 Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland and slowly grew into a major logistic and economic centre.

Rotterdam is a major port city in the Netherlands’ province of South Holland. The Maritime Museum’s vintage ships and exhibits trace the city’s seafaring history. The 17th-century Delfshaven neighborhood is home to canalside shopping and the Pilgrim Fathers Church, where pilgrims worshiped before sailing to America. After being almost completely reconstructed following WWII, the city is now known for its bold, modern architecture.

Area: 123.3 mi²
Population: 610,386 (2011)

Currency

The other is the dam, debuting one month earlier in August, which is Rotterdam-wide. Both currencies are used in addition to the euro and their circulation is predominantly virtual, using account apps on mobile phones, although the zuiderling has a limited number of printed notes.

Climate

Rotterdam experiences a temperate oceanic climate similar to almost all of the Netherlands. Located near to the coast, its climate is slightly milder than locations further inland.The months July and August have a nice average temperature.On average, the warmest month is August. On average, the coolest month is January. October is the wettest month. April is the driest month.

Language

The official language of The Netherlands is Dutch. As in many other parts of The Netherlands and Scandinavian cities, English is widely spoken and understood, thanks in a large part to their education system that places a heavy emphasis on language learning.

Safety

You should take normal precautions against pickpockets and baggage theft, especially in the main shopping streets, at markets, in trams and trains, at stations, and anywhere where tourists congregate. It is not wise to hang around Stadhuisplein when nightlife ends. Fights often occur in this area after midnight. Rotterdam also has a reputation of mass venues getting out of hand, though you shouldn’t worry too much about it. If violence breaks out at football festivities (not so unlikely) or at the end of sun soaked festive days, like Queensday (even less unlikely, especially at the Stadhuisplein), just get out of the way and you’re unlikely to be affected. It’s advisable not to wear a football jersey of Ajax Amsterdam or any other stuff promoting Ajax or Amsterdam. In terms of general safety, at daylight most areas in the city are safe. But at night, some areas such as Spangen, Oude Noorden, Oude Westen and all area’s in the South of Rotterdam are wise to avoid. When you drive a car with a foreign numberplate (especially if it’s a French or Belgian one) you might or will be approached by so called drugsrunners. This can occur on the motorways surrounding the city and in the city proper. These guys try to lure people to places were drugs are dealt. Do not respond to their signals and do not follow them.

Getting Around

Rotterdam is a compact city and a walking is often the best way to get around the city, but if you travel further, Rotterdam offers an excellent public transport service. The Rotterdam Metro takes you almost anywhere within the city and into the suburbs and is the most efficient way to travel in Rotterdam. The Rotterdam Tram service is very useful for short distances and takes you to locations which are not covered by metro. Also the Rotterdam bus service rapidly brings you to neighbouring cities. Major transport hubs are Rotterdam Central Station, followed by Rotterdam Zuidplein and Rotterdam Blaak. Please note that you must have a special Travel Chipcard in Rotterdam to pay for public transport.